The Story
Carousel
Music
RICHARD RODGERS

Book & Lyrics
OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN II
Based on Ferenc Molnar's play "Liliom" as adapted by Benjamin F. Glazer, it concerns the carefree carnival barker, Billy Bigelow, who marries the naive millworker, Julie Jordan. Desperately intent upon providing a decent life for his family, he is coerced into being an accomplice to a robbery. Caught in the act and facing the certainty of prison, he takes his own life. He is allowed to return to earth for one day and encounters the teenage daughter he never knew. How Billy instills in both the child and her mother a sense of hope and dignity is a dramatic testimony to the power of love.

PHOTOS
1994 Broadway Production
2017 London Production
2018 Broadway Production
Artworks/ Posters

VIDEOS
Shirley Verrett leads the 1994 Broadway revival cast in a performance of 'You'll Never Walk Alone' at the Tony Awards.

MUSIC
If I Loved You
Joshua Henry & Jessie Mueller
2018 Broadway Cast Recording

THE STORY

ACT ONE

Freed from labor, mill girls joyously meet their boy friends at an amusement park (Prologue: The Carousel Waltz). Among them are the effervescent Carrie and the moody Julie, who infuriates Mrs. Mullin, the carousel owner, by arousing the interest of her barker (and lover, we infer), Billy. In the ensuing quarrel, Billy is fired. Carrie thinks Julie is attracted to Billy (You're a Queer One, Julie Jordan) and fittingly chooses this as the moment to reveal that she, too, has a beau (Mister Snow). Billy returns, chases Carrie off, and romances Julie (If I Loved You).

Two months later, Julie and Billy are married and living with Julie's cousin Nettie. Preparing for that evening's clamback, the girls and boys indulge in a bit of gender scuffling, then, with Nettie presiding, celebrate the erotic liberation of spring (Give it to 'em good, Carrie... / June Is Bustin' Out All Over). Julie confides to Carrie her marial problems: Billy is out of work and angry. He has even hit Julie. Carrie's news is happier - Mister Snow and she are engaged. The eavesdropping girls are thrilled, not least when Snow himself shows up (Mister Snow (Reprise)). Snow and Carrie look forward to married life: a big family and a thriving business in canned sardines (When the Children Are Asleep).

Whalers on shore leave pile into a waterfront dive (Blow High, Blow Low) and get into a brawl. One whaler, the infinitely sleazy Jigger, tries to interest Billy in a robbery, which they can pull off during the clambake. Billy is leery - but the Julie tells him she is pregnant. Overjoyed at the thought of fatherhood as he walks along the beach (Soliloquy), Billy decides to turn thief with Jigger after all. Nettie, Billy and Julie, Carrie and Mister Snow, Jigger and the rest of the gang sail off to the clambake.


ACT TWO

That evening, resting up after the cookout (A Real Nice Clambake), everyone prepares for the annual treasure hunt. Jigger, pretending to show Carrie self-defense maneuvers, gets her into a compromising position just as Mister Snow appears. Now the gender scuffling turns serious, as Snow walks out on Carrie, Billy heads off with Jigger for their robbery despite Julie's protests, and the women lament their lack of power (Geraniums in the Winder / Stonecutters Cut It On Stone / What's the Use of Wond'rin').

Back on the mainland, Billy and Jigger await the arrival of their intended victim by playing twenty-one. Jigger, dealing, cheats Billy out of virtually all his share of the coming boodle. But the robbery is foiled, Jigger escapes, and Billy, seeing his whole life as a failure, kills himself crying, "Julie!" The clambakers arrive, Julie only just in time to trade a few words with Billy before he dies. "I love you," she tells him, for the first time in her life, after he has died. Nettie comforts her (You'll Never Walk Alone).

It's not over yet. A Heavenly Friend shows up to take Billy "Up There," where, in a scene suggestive of some advanced Protestant sect's open-air meeting house, an austere Starkeeper allows Billy to go back and resolve problems he left "Down Here" - for instance, his daughter, Louise, who is now fifteen and as wild and resentful as Billy was. The Starkeeper gives Billy a star to take to her as a present. A ballet reveals Louise to us: as a tomboy cut-up, then as a young woman tasting love with a boy she meets in the ruins of her father's carousel (Ballet: Pas de Deux). She is, in effect, recreating her mother's experience, breaking out of a drab life in a dangerous yet wonderful relationship. But the boy wanders off, leaving Louise heartbroken and destructively defiant. Back on earth with the Heavenly Friend, Billy tries to give Louise the star, she suspiciously resists, and he slaps her face - once again, in his inarticulate rage, failing to express his true feelings to those he loves (If I Loved You (Reprise)).

"Common sense may tell you that the endin' will be sad" - but, at Louise's high- school graduation, Billy heartens his daughter and tells Julie, "I loved you." As the congregation clusters in socio-religious community, Billy, in the distance, climbs a great stairway to heaven (You'll Never Walk Alone (Reprise)).

LIBRETTO

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CAST & CREATIVES
Creative
Direction JACK O'BRIEN
Choreography JUSTIN PECK
Scenic Design SANTO LOQUASTO
Costume Design ANN ROTH
Lighting Design JULES FISHER & PEGGY EISENHAUER
Sound Design SCOTT LEHRER
Cast
Billy Bigelow JOSHUA HENRY
Julie Jordan JESSIE MUELLER
Carrie Pipperidge LINDSAY MENDEZ
Nettie Fowler RENEE FLEMING
Enoch Snow ALEXANDER GEMIGNANI
Jigger Craigin AMAR RAMASAR
Creative
Direction LONNY PRICE
Choreography JOSH RHODES
Set Design JAMES NOONE
Costume Design TRACY CHRISTENSEN
Lighting Design MARK HENDERSON
Sound Design MICK POTTER
Cast
Billy Bigelow ALFIE BOE
Julie Jordan KATHERINE JENKINS
Star Keeper/ Dr Sheldon NICHOLAS LYNDHURST
Carrie Pipperidge ALEX YOUNG
Nettie Fowler BRENDA EDWARDS
Enoch Snow GAVIN SPOKES
Jigger Craigin DEREK HAGEN
Creative
Producer LINCOLN CENTER THEATER
By Arrangement with THE ROYAL NATIONAL THEATER & THE RODGERS AND HAMMERSTEIN ORGANIZATION
Direction NICHOLAS HYTNER
Choreography SIR KENNETH MACMILLAN
Orchestrations WILLIAM DAVID BROHN
Musical Director ERIC STERN
Scenic Design BOB CROWLEY
Costume Design BOB CROWLEY
Lighting Design PAUL PYANT
Sound Design STEVE CANYON KENNEDY
Cast
Billy Bigelow MICHAEL HAYDEN
Julie Jordan SALLY MURPHY
Carrie Pipperidge AUDRA ANN McDONALD
Nettie Fowler SHIRLEY VERRETT
Enoch Snow EDDIE KORBICH
Jigger Craigin FISHER STEVENS
Creative
Direction NICHOLAS HYTNER
Choreography SIR KENNETH MACMILLAN
Set & Costume Design BOB CROWLEY
Lighting Design PAUL PYANT
Sound Design MIKE WALKER
Cast
Billy Bigelow MICHAEL HAYDEN
Julie Jordan JOANNA RIDING
Carrie Pipperidge JANIE DEE
Nettie Fowler PATRICIA ROUTLEDGE
Enoch Snow CLIVE ROWE
Jigger Craigin PHIL DANIELS
Creative
Producer NEW YORK CITY CENTER LIGHT OPERA COMPANY
Direction JOHN FEARNLEY & ROBERT PAGENT
Choreography AGNES DE MILLE
Musical Director JULIUS RUDEL
Scenic Design OLIVER SMITH
Costume Design FLORENCE KLOTZ
Lighting Design PEGGY CLARK
Cast
Billy Bigelow HOWARD KEEL
Julie Jordan BARBARA COOK
Carrie Pipperidge PAT STANLEY
Nettie Fowler MARIE POWERS
Enoch Snow RUSSELL NYPE
Jigger Craigin JAMES MITCHELL
Creative
Producer THE THEATRE GUILD
Direction ROUBEN MAMOULIAN
Choreography AGNES DE MILLE
Orchestrations DON WALKER
Musical Director JOSEPH LITTAU
Scenic Design JO MIELZINER
Costume Design MILES WHITE
Lighting Design JO MIELZINER
Cast
Billy Bigelow JOHN RAITT
Julie Jordan JAN CLAYTON
Carrie Pipperidge JEAN DARLING
Nettie Fowler CHRISTINE JOHNSON
Enoch Snow ERIC MATTSON
Jigger Craigin MURVYN VYE
MUSICAL NUMBERS
ACT ONE

Prologue The Company
You're a Queer One, Julie Jordan Carrie Pipperidge and Julie Jordan
When I Marry Mister Snow Carrie Pipperidge
If I Loved You Julie Jordan and Billy Bigelow
June Is Bustin' Out All OverNettie Fowler and Company
When I Marry Mister Snow (Reprise) Carrie Pipperidge, The Girls and Enoch Snow
When the Children Are Asleep Enoch Snow and Carrie Pipperidge
Blow High, Blow Low Jigger Craigin and The Men
Soliloquy Billy Bigelow


ACT TWO

This Was A Real Nice Clambake The Company
Geraniums in the Winder / Stonecutters Cut It on Stone Enoch Snow, Jigger Craigin and The Men
What's the Use of Wond'rinJulie Jordan
You'll Never Walk AloneNettie Fowler
Ballet Louise, Fairground Boy, Louise's Friends and The Snow Family
If I Loved You (Reprise) Billy Bigelow
You'll Never Walk Alone (Reprise) The Company

Honeymoon in Vegas
Allegro
The Dead
SIGHTS & SOUNDS

1994 Broadway Production
2017 London Production
2018 Broadway Production
Artworks/ Posters

Shirley Verrett leads the 1994 Broadway revival cast in a performance of 'You'll Never Walk Alone' at the Tony Awards.

Soliloquy John Raitt Original Broadway Cast Recording
You'll Never Walk Alone Patricia Routledge 1993 London Cast Recording
Mister Snow Audra McDonald 1994 Broadway Cast Recording
If I Loved You Joshua Henry & Jessie Mueller 2018 Broadway Cast Recording

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